sknano.structures.compute_R(*Ch, *, bond=None, length=False, **kwargs)[source][source]

Compute symmetry vector \(\mathbf{R} = (p, q)\).

The symmetry vector is any lattice vector of the unfolded graphene layer that represents a symmetry operation of the nanotube. The symmetry vector \(\mathbf{R}\) can be written as:

\[\mathbf{R} = p\mathbf{a}_1 + q\mathbf{a}_2\]

where \(p\) and \(q\) are integers. The symmetry vector represents a symmetry operation of the nanotube which arises as a screw translation, which is a combination of a rotation \(\psi\) and translation \(\tau\). The symmetry operation of the nanotube can be written as:

\[R = (\psi|\tau)\]

*Ch : {tuple or ints}

Either a 2-tuple of ints or 2 integers giving the chiral indices of the nanotube chiral vector \(\mathbf{C}_h = n\mathbf{a}_1 + m\mathbf{a}_2 = (n, m)\).

bond : float, optional

Distance between nearest neighbor atoms (i.e., bond length). Must be in units of . Default value is the carbon-carbon bond length in graphite, approximately \(\mathrm{a}_{\mathrm{CC}} = 1.42\)

length : bool, optional

If True, return \(|\mathbf{R}|\).


(p, q) : tuple

2-tuple of ints – components of \(\mathbf{R}\).


Length of \(\mathbf{R}\) (\(|\mathbf{R}|\)) if length is True in units of .