Returns a field of the given array as a certain type.
A field is a view of the array data with a given data-type. The values in the view are determined by the given type and the offset into the current array in bytes. The offset needs to be such that the view dtype fits in the array dtype; for example an array of dtype complex128 has 16-byte elements. If taking a view with a 32-bit integer (4 bytes), the offset needs to be between 0 and 12 bytes.
dtype : str or dtype
The data type of the view. The dtype size of the view can not be larger than that of the array itself.
offset : int
Number of bytes to skip before beginning the element view.
>>> x = np.diag([1.+1.j]*2) >>> x[1, 1] = 2 + 4.j >>> x array([[ 1.+1.j, 0.+0.j], [ 0.+0.j, 2.+4.j]]) >>> x.getfield(np.float64) array([[ 1., 0.], [ 0., 2.]])
By choosing an offset of 8 bytes we can select the complex part of the array for our view:
>>> x.getfield(np.float64, offset=8) array([[ 1., 0.], [ 0., 4.]])